Serology in Lyme borreliosis

Serology in Lyme borreliosis is certainly not magic, but it helps in certain situations. According to Béla Pál Bózsik M.D., the researcher who invented the DualDur methodology, experts have forgotten what it means in everyday practice that serology is an indirect diagnostic method. Seronegativity means that the method cannot demonstrate the presence of antibodies, for some reason or another.…

The greater epidemic than COVID-19

“As people in the US struggle to get tested for COVID-19, I am thinking of the difficulty of getting tested for Lyme disease. Although Lyme first appeared in the medical literature more than four decades ago in 1975, there is still no reliable way to test people for the bacteria that causes Lyme disease. The…

DualDur reagent and method

The DualDur reagent and method was developed based on 30 years of experience in examining spirochetes, and diagnosing Lyme disease. The DualDur reagent will make it possible for the analyst in the laboratory analyzing blood samples to see only the spirochetes, 1,000x concentrated, alive and moving. This fact was confirmed by immunofluorescence and PCR. Countless investigations were carried out…

Dark-field microscopy in Lyme borreliosis

Béla Pál Bózsik M.D. worked using classical dark-field microscopy, and realized there was a need for methods to distinguish between the spirochete and artefacts in the preparations. He has developed a reagent (DualDur), the blood sample is to be taken into this liquid. This reagent makes the other objects rigid and motionless and there are…

Atrio-ventricular conduction disturbance due to Lyme carditis

Below is a case-study, one of the many where direct diagnostic methods, especially microscopy, played a vital role in providing proper treatment for a Lyme-patient: An active professional sportsman was admitted to our hospital with atrio-ventricular conduction disturbances. Purpose of admission was to insert a definitive pacemaker. During recording of the symptoms and patient history,…